|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||108,098,199|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||84,500,850|
Ecological capability evaluation of Ghara-Ghach dam area to establish a tourism region
|مقاله 9، دوره 21، شماره 2 - شماره پیاپی 1، مهر 2016، صفحه 193-204 اصل مقاله (902.56 K)|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jdesert.2016.60328|
|S. Amini1؛ A. Gandomkar* 1؛ M. Bagheri Bodaghabadi2|
|1Department of Geography, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Isfahan, Iran|
|2Soil and Water Research Institute(SWRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran|
There are various methods and models for land evaluation. These methods are classified according to the number of used resources. The best resources capabilities or potentials and land use can be found by analyzing one of the main resources, in the lands close relations to ecologic resources exist. Soil has a great potential for introducing the studied region specifications. Hence, it challenges the mistaken belief stating: “soil is only valid for agricultural applications and it is weak in measuring developing and planning domain.” The present study is done with the aim to achieve the best land use according to a single-factor (soil) model for tourism planning. A soil map was obtained using a combination of conventional and digital soil mapping methods. In conventional process soils were mapped using aerial photo interpretation and physiographic methods and in digital process an elevation model and satellite images were used. Based on the field works and laboratory analyses, the soil map included 13 soil units resulting 176 delineations. Tourism region needs more essential requirements rather than recreation area. Thus, an ecological capability evaluation model developed by Bagheri Bodaghabadi (2016) was employed to evaluate all delineations of the soil map using GIS. Finally, the best environmental planning was presented to design the study area for tourism usage. The results also showed there are moderate to high suitable classes for all tourism purposes, resulting the study area has potential to develop a tourism region. The most important limiting factors in the area include soil depth, slope and coarse fragment of soil. It was also suggested to use local models to evaluate the ecological capacity in the small area.
|Single-factor evaluation؛ Soil map؛ Tourism؛ Land evaluation؛ land use planning|
Adhami Mojarrad M.H., 1989. Comparison of three methods to evaluate natural resources. Master's Thesis. Natural Resources Faculty of Tehran University.
Akbrfazeli S., K. Mohammadi Samani, M. Pirbavaghar, 2014. Area zoning for ecotourism development (Case study: forest around the Garan dam- Mariwan), Journal of Forest Sustainable Development, 1(4); 365-381.
Bagheri Bodaghabadi, M., 2011. Applied Land Evaluation and land use planning, Pelk publications, Tehran, Iran.
Bagheri Bodaghabadi, M., J.A. Martínez-Casasnovas, P., Khalili, M. Masihabadi, Assessment of the FAO traditional land evaluation methods, A case study: Iranian Land Classification method. 2015. Soil and Use Management, 31; 384-396.
Bagheri Bodaghabadi, M., 2016. Land suitability evaluation of Gharaghach Dam area for site planning, Almas Hasht Behesht Co. Isfahan, Iran.
Coen G., 1973. Soil survey and interpretation procedures in mountainous waterton lakes national park, Canada, Geoderma, 10; 75-86.
De Martonne E., 1926. Areism and aridity index. Cr Hebd Acad Sci 182, 1395–1398.
Emberger, L., 1930. The vegetation of the Mediterranean region. Test of a classification of plant communities. The Scientific Journal Revue Générale de Botanique, 42 ; 341-404, 641-662.
Esfandiarpoor, I., Bagheri Bodaghabadi, M., 2005. Soil survey and Mapping, Vali-Asr University. P: 180, publication: Pelk.
Firuzi, M.A., M. Goudarzi, R. Zarei, A. Akbari, 2013. Evaluation of the ecological tourism area martyr Abbaspour Dam sustainable tourism development. Applied Research of Geographic Sciences. 13 (28); 153-176.
Gashtasb H., A. Meshkinfar, E. Ashrafi, N. Nikrah, 2014. Ecological capability evaluation of Bashgol protected area for tourism and conservation using GIS, The first national conference on environmental management and planning assessment in Iran, Hamedan, Iran.
Hamzeh S., M. Mokarram, S. K. Alavipanah, 2014. Combination of Fuzzy and AHP methods to assess land suitability for barley: Case Study of semi arid lands in the southwest of Iran. Desert 19 (2); 173-181.
Jokar P., M. Masoudi, S.R. Fallah Shamsi, S.F. Afzali, 2015, Developing a Model for Ecological Capability Evaluation of Ecotourism (A Case Study: Jahrom Township, Iran), International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences, 3(1); 0001-0008.
Karimi, S., T.S. Mahmoud taste, M.J. Amiri, 2014, be assessed to establish ecological tourism using GIS (Case Study: city Boomehen), the first national conference on environmental management and planning assessment in Iran, Hamedan Society Hegmataneh environmental assessment, development center Hegmatan Aria Conferences.
Klute, A., 1986. Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 1-Physical and Mineralogical Methods. SSSA Book Ser. 5.1. SSSA, ASA, Madison, WI. doi:10.2136/sssabookser5.1.2ed.
Köppen, W., 1936. Das geographische System der Klimate [The current system of climates]. In: “Handbuch der Klimatologie. Band 5” (Köppen W, Geiger R, Teil C eds). Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Germany, pp 1-46.
Lindsay, J.D., M.D. Scheelar, A.G. Twardy, 1973, soil survey for urban development, Geoderma, 10; 35-45
Makhdoum, M., 1999. Fundamental of land use planning, Tehran University Press, Tehran, Iran.
Makhdoum, M., H. Jafarzadeh, A.A. Rouyeshsefat, A. Makhdoum, 2004, Evaluation and planning for environment with geographic information systems, 2nd edition, Tehran University Press.
Office of Environment and Heritage, 2012. The land and soil capability assessment scheme, A general rural land evaluation system, for New South Wales, Department of Premier and Cabinet NSW, Sydney, Australia.
Olson, G. W., 1984. Field Guide to soils and the Environment Application for soil survey, Chapman and Hall.
Parchainpoor, R., M. Kalantari, 2011. Ecological capability for extensive tourism development (class 2) using Geographic Information System Case Study: city Tarom, Zanjan, Fifth Conference of Environmental Engineering, Tehran, Iran.
Price, J., T. Douglas, C. Bedson, K. Head, J. Wilson, D. Miles, C. Westhorpe, 2013. Geography Alive 10 for the Australian Curriculum, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 200 pp.
Rashidi, A., F. Makhdoum farkhondeh, J. Feghhi, M. Sharifi, 2010. Assessment of Ecotourism in the forests surrounding of Zaribar wetlands using geographical information system (GIS). Journal Environmental Researches, 1(2); 19-30.
Rossiter, D.G., 2000. Methodology for Soil Resource Inventories, 2nd Revised Version, Soil Science Division, International institute for Aerospace Survey & Earth Science (ITC), 132 p.
Sanchez, P.A., W. Couto, S.W. Buol, 1982. The fertility capability soil classification system: interpretation, applicability, and modification. Geoderma 27; 283-309
Soil Survey Staff, 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 13th edn. NRCS, USDA, Washington, DC.
Soil Survey Staff, 1993. Soil survey manual. Soil Survey. Div. Staff. US. Department of Agriculture. Handbook. 18. Washington, DC.
Soil and Water Research institution, 1991. Guideline for multilateral Land Classification (multi-purpose), Publication No. 212. Technical report No. 832. College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Organization. Ministry of Agriculture.
Sparks, D.L., A.L. Page, P.A. Helmke, R.H. Loeppert, 1996. Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3-Chemical Methods. SSSA Book Ser. 5.3. SSSA, ASA, Madison, WI. doi:10.2136/sssabookser5.3
Westerveld G.J.W., J.A. Van Den Hurk, 1973. Application of soil and interpretive maps to non-agricultural land use in the Netherlands, Geoderma, 10; 47-65.
Yaghmaeian Mahabadi, N., J. Givi, M. Naderi Khorasgani, J. Mohammadi, R.M. Poch, 2012. Land Suitability Evaluation for Alfalfa and Barley Based on FAO and Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Approaches in Iranian Arid Region. Desert 17; 77-89.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 1,274
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 1,623