|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||111,730,456|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||86,336,598|
Effect of water stress on morphological traits, mucilage percentage and yield of Alyssum homolocarpum
|دوره 26، شماره 1، شهریور 2021، صفحه 99-113 اصل مقاله (581.69 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jdesert.2020.305751.1006787|
|M. Zaferanieh1؛ B. Mahdavi* 2|
|1Department of Genetics and Plant Production, Agriculture College, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanajn, Rafsanjan, Iran.|
|2Department of Genetics and Plant production, Agriculture College, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan|
|A pot experiment was carried out to study the impacts of water stress upon physiological and biochemical properties as well as seed yield and components yield of Alyssum homolocarpum. The factors taken into consideration included water stress (80%), the capacity of field (60%) as well as field capacity (40%) within three stages of growth, stem elongation, flowering and seed setting. While water stress happening three stages of growth culminated in a reduction of plant height, component yield and seed yield, an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) activity was observed. Water stress increased content of proline, soluble sugar and malondialdehyde (MDA). The content of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) decreased in 40% and 60% field capacity at stem elongation stage compared to control. With increasing water stress mucilage percentage increased. In 40% field capacity at elongation stage Alyssum did not have seed yield. In this stress level, at flowering stage and seed setting, seed yield decreased by 85% and 68% compared to control, respectively. Result indicated the most sensitive growth stage to the water stress in Alyssum homalocarpum was stem elongation, Thus, It was suggested that this plant be irrigated at stem elongation to produce acceptable yield.|
|Alyssum؛ Field capacity؛ Antioxidant enzyme؛ Proline|
Abid M, Ali S, Qi LK, Zahoor R, Tian T, Jiang D, Dai T. 2018. Physiological and biochemical changes during drought and recovery periods at tillering and jointing stages in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Scientific Reports, 8; 1 -15. Agastian P, Kingsley SJ, Vivekanandan M. 2000. Effect of salinity on photosynthesis and biochemical characteristics in mulberry genotypes. Photosynthetica, 38; 287-290. Amtmann A, Blatt MR. 2009. Regulation of macronutrient transport. New Physiology, 181; 35-52. Anvari M, Tabarsa M, Cao R, You S, Joyner HS, Behnam S, Rezaei M. 2016. Compositional characterization and rheological properties of an anionic gum from Alyssum homolocarpum seeds. Food Hydrocolloids, 52; 766-773. Arnon DI. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24; 1-9. Ayala A, Muñoz M, Argüelles S. 2014. Lipid peroxidation: production, metabolism and signaling mechanisms of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 4; 1-31. Azzeme AM, Abdullah SNA, Aziz MA, Wahab PEM. 2016. Oil palm leaves and roots differ in physiological response, antioxidant enzyme activities and expression of stress-responsive genes upon exposure to drought stress. Acta Physiology Plant, 38; 52-64 . Azarmi F, Mozafari V, Dahaji PA, Hamidpour M. 2016. Biochemical, physiological and antioxidant enzymatic activity responses of pistachio seedlings treated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and Zn to salinity stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 38; 1- 21.
Baerenfaller K, Massonnet C, Walsh S, Baginsky S, Buhlmann P. 2012. Systems-based analysis of Arabidopsis leaf growth reveals adaptation to water deficit. Molecular Systems Biology, 8; 8-28. Baher ZF, Mirza M, Ghorbanli M, Bagher Rezaii M. 2002. The influence of water stress on plant height, herbal and essential oil yield and composition in Satureja hortensis L. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 17; 275-277. Bates LS, Waldren RP, Teare ID. 1973. Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39; 205-207. Bayat H, Moghadam AN. 2019. Drought effects on growth, water status, proline content and antioxidant system in three Salvia nemorosa L. cultivars. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 41; 149182.
Brown CE, Pezeshki SR, DeLaune RD. 2006. The effect of salinity and soil drying on nutrient uptake and growth of Spartina alterniflora in a simulated tidal system. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 58; 140-148.
111 Zaferanieh & Mahdavi
Cakmak I, Marschner H. 1993. Effect of zinc nutritional status on activities of superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide scavenging enzymes in bean leaves. In Plant Nutrition from Genetic Engineering to Field Practice (pp. 133-136). Springer, Dordrecht. Cao HX, Sun CX, Shao HB, Lei XT. 2011. Effects of low temperature and drought on the physiological and growth changes in oil palm seedlings. African Journal of Biology, 10; 26302637. Cazzonelli CI. 2011. Carotenoids in nature: insights from plants and beyond. Functional Plant Biology, 38; 833-847. Chakhchar A, Lamaoui M, Wahbi S, Ferradous A, El Mousadik A, Ibnsouda-Koraichi S, El Modafar C. 2015. Leaf water status, osmoregulation and secondary metabolism as a model for depicting drought tolerance in Argania spinosa. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 37; 80-93.
Chiante D, Iotrio AD, Sciandra S, Scippa GS, Mazzoleni S. 2006. Effect of drought and fire on root development in Quercas pubescens Willd. and Faxinus ornus L. seedlings. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 95; 190-197. DaCosta M, Huang B. 2007. Changes in antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation for bentgrass species in response to drought stress. Journal of the American Society for Horticulture Science, 132; 319-326. Daryanto S, Wang L, Jacinth PA. 2017. Global synthesis of drought effects on cereal, legume, tuber and root crops production: A review. Agricultural Water Management, 179; 18-33. Di Ferdinando M, Brunetti C, Agati G, Tattini M. 2014. Multiple functions of polyphenols in plants inhabiting unfavorable Mediterranean areas. Environmental and experimental botany, 103, 107116.
Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PT, Smith F. 1956. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry, 28; 350-356. Farooq M, Ullah A, Lee DJ, Alghamdi SS, Siddique KH. 2018. Desi chickpea genotypes tolerate drought stress better than kabuli types by modulating germination metabolism, trehalose accumulation, and carbon assimilation. Plant Physiology and Biology, 126; 47-54. Farooq M, Wahid A, Kobayashi N, Fujita DB, Basra SMA. 2009. Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management. In Sustainable Agriculture (pp. 153-188). Springer, Dordrech Feng Y, Liang C, Li B, Wan T, Liu T, Cai Y. 2017. Differential expression profiles and pathways of genes in drought resistant tree sp ecies Prunus mahaleb roots and leaves in response to drought stress. Science Horticulture, 226; 75-84. Fghire R, Ali OI, Anaya F, Benlhabib O, Jacobsen SE, Wahbi S. 2013. Protective antioxidant enzyme activities are affected by drought in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd). Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences, 3; 62-68.
Giannopolitis CN, Ries SK. 1977. Superoxide dismutases: I. Occurrence in higher plants. Plant Physiology, 59; 309-314. Graba_ová S, Martinková M. 2001. Changes in mineral nutrition of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.). Under the impact of drought. Ekologia-Bratislava, 20; 46-60. Harinasut P, Poonsopa D, Roengmongkol K, Charoensataporn R. 2003. Salinity effects on antioxidant enzymes in mulberry cultivar. Science Asia, 29; 109-113.
Jaleel CA, Paramasivam, Manivannan A, Wahid, Farooq M, Al-Juburi HJ, Ramamurthyr. Somasundaram, Panneerselvam R. 2009. Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. International Journal Agriculture Biology, 11; 100-105.
Ji Y, Zhang X, Peng Y, Liang X, Huang L, Ma X, Ma Y. 2014. Effects of drought stress on lipid peroxidation, osmotic adjustment and activities of protective enzymes in the roots and leaves of orchard grass. Acta Ern Science, 23; 144-151. Koocheki A, Kadkhodaee R, Mortazavi SA, Shahidi F, Taherian AR. 2009. Influence of Alyssum homolocarpum seed gum on the stability and flow properties of O/W emulsion prepared by high intensity ultrasound. Food Hydrocolloids, 23; 2416-2424. Kuroda M, Qzawa TH, Imagawa M. 1990. Changes in chloroplast peroxidase activities in relation to chlorophyll loss in barley leaf segments. Physiology Plant, 80; 555-560. Kurutas EB. 2015. The importance of antioxidants which play the role in cellular response against oxidative/nitrosative stress: current state. Nutrient Journal, 15;71-89.
DESERT 2021, 26(1): 99-113 112
Lee DH, Kim YS, Lee CB. 2001. The inductive responses of the antioxidant enzymes by salt stress in the rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Plant Physiology, 158; 737-745. Marcotte M, Hoshahili ART, Ramaswamy HS. 2001. Rheological properties of selected hydrocolloids as a function of concentration and temperature. Food Research International, 34; 695-703. Marvdashti LM, Koocheki A, Yavarmanesh M. 2017. Alyssum homolocarpum seed gum-polyvinyl alcohol biodegradable composite film: Physicochemical, mechanical, thermal and barrier properties. Carbohydrate Polymers, 155; 280-293.
Massacci A, Nabiev SM, Pietrosanti L, Nematov SK, Chernikova TN, Thor K, Leipner J. 2008. Response of the photosynthetic apparatus of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) to the onset of drought stress under field conditions studied by gas-exchange analysis and chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Plant Physiology and Biology, 46; 189-195. Mazzafera P, Teixeira JPF. 2006. Proline in coffee subjected to drought stress. Turrialba. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, IB, Departamento de Fisiologia Vegetal, CP, 6109. Iran. Mickky BM, Aldesuquy HS. 2017. Impact of osmotic stress on seedling growth observations, membrane characteristics and antioxidant defense system of different wheat genotypes. Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4; 47-54. Mittler R. 2002. Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance. Trends in Plant Science, 7; 405410. Moller IM, Jensen PE, Hansson A. 2007. Oxidative modifications to cellular components in plants. Annual Reviews Plant Biology, 58; 459-481 Muthukumarasamy M, Gupta SD, Panneerselvam R. 2000. Enhancement of peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase and superoxide dismutase activities by triadimefon in NaCl stressed Raphanus sativus L. Biology Plant, 43; 317-320. Nahar K, Gretzmacher R. 2002. Effect of water stress on nutrient uptake, yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) under subtropical conditions. Die Bodenkultur, 1; 45-53 Navarro M, Ayax C, Martinez Y, Laur J, El Kayal W, Marque C, Teulières C. 2011. Two EguCBF1 genes overexpressed in Eucalyptus display a different impact on stress tolerance and plant development. Plant Biology Journal, 9; 50-63. Nayyar H, Gupta D. 2006. Differential sensitivity of C3 and C4 plants to water deficit stress: association with oxidative stress and antioxidants. Endowment and Experimental Botany, 58; 106113. Pandey V, Shukla A. 2015. Acclimation and tolerance strategies of rice under drought stress. Rice Science, 22; 147-161. Pandolfini T, Gabbrielli R, Comparini C. 1992. Nickel toxicity and peroxidase activity in seedlings of Triticum aestivum L. Plant, Cell and Endowment, 15; 719-725. Panuccio MR, Jacobsen SE, Akhtar SS, Muscolo A. 2014. Effect of saline water on seed germination and early seedling growth of the halophyte quinoa. Oxford University Press, 6; 68-83. Parida AK, Das AB, Mittra B. 2003. Effects of NaCl stress on the structure, pigment complex composition, and photosynthetic activity of mangrove Bruguiera parviflora chloroplasts. Photosynthetica, 41; 191-200. Pomper KW, Grusak MA. 2004. Calcium uptake and whole-plant water use influence pod calcium concentration in snap bean plants. Journal of the American Society for Hourticulture, 129; 890895.
Rebey IB, Jabri-Karoui I, Hamrouni-Sellami I, Bourgou Limam SF, Marzouk B. 2012. Effect of drought on the biochemical composition and antioxidant activities of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Seeds. Industrial Crops and Products, 36; 238-245. Richards R, Condon A, Rebetzke G. 2011. Traits to improve yield in dry environments. Apply of Physiology in Wheat Breed. CIMMYT. 88-100. Sairam RK. 1994. Effect of moisture-stress on physiological activities of two contrasting wheat genotypes. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 32; 594-594. Sánchez-Rodríguez E, del Mar Rubio-Wilhelmi M, Cervilla LM, Blasco B, Rios JJ, Leyva R, Ruiz JM. 2010. Study of the ionome and uptake fluxes in cherry tomato plants under moderate water stress conditions. Plant and Soil, 335; 339-347.
113 Zaferanieh & Mahdavi
Sarabi B, Bolandnazar S, Ghaderi N, Ghashghaie J. 2017. Genotypic differences in physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress in melon (Cucumis melo L.) plants: prospects for selection of salt tolerant landraces. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 119; 294-311. Sardans J, Penuelas JN, Ogaya R. 2008. Drought’s impact on Ca, Fe, Mg, Mo and S concentration and accumulation patterns in the plants and soil of a Mediterranean Evergreen Quercus ilex forest. Biology, 87; 49-69. Saruhan GN, Sağlam A, Demiralay M, Kadıoğlu A. 2012. Apoplastic and symplastic solute concentrations contribute to osmotic adjustment in bean genotypes during drought stress, Turkish Journal of Biochemistry, 36; 151–160. Seghatoleslami M, Forutani R. 2015. Yield and water use efficiency of sunflower as affected by nano ZnO and water stress. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, 2; 34-38. Sepaskhah AR, Maftoun M. 1982. Growth and chemical composition of pistachio seedlings as influenced by irrigation regimes and salinity levels of irrigation water. II. Chemical composition. Horticultural Science, 5; 469-476. Shao HB, Song WY, Chu LY. 2008. Advances of calcium signals involved in plant antidrought. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 331; 587-596.
Sharma P, Gujral HS. 2010. Antioxidant and polyphenol oxidase activity of germinated barley and its milling fractions. ISSN: 0308-8146. Food Chemistry, 120; 673-678. Skrovankova S, Sumczynski D, Mlcek J, Jurikova T, Sochor J. 2015. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity in different types of berries. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16; 24673-24706. Smirnoff N. 2000. Ascorbic acid: metabolism and functions of a multi-facetted molecule. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 3; 229-235. Sofo A, Dichio B, Xiloyannis C, Masia A. 2004. Effects of different irradiance levels on some antioxidant enzymes and on malondialdehyde content during rewatering in olive tree. Plant Science, 166; 293-302.
Souza CC, de Oliveira FA, Silva IDF, Amorim N. 2000. Evaluation of methods of available water determination and irrigation management in" terra roxa" under cotton crop. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 4; 338-342. Subbarao GV, Nam NH, Chauhan YS, Johansen C. 2000. Osmotic adjustment, water relations and carbohydrate remobilization in pigeonpea under water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology, 157; 651-659.
Tanaka K, Tanaka N, Matsuo N, Tantasirin C, Suzuki M. 2017. Impacts of irrigation on the deciduous period of teak (Tectona grandis) in a monsoonal climate. Canadian Journal of Forest Reserch, 47; 1193-1201. Tandon HLS. 1998. Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Waters and Fertilizers. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organisation, New Delhi, India. 3; 119-130. Toscano S, Farieri E, Ferrante A, Romano D. 2016. Physiological and biochemical responses in two ornamental shrubs to drought stress. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7; 645-662. Tsugane K, Kobayashi K, Niwa Y, Ohba Y, Wada K, Kobayashi H. 1999. A recessive Arabidopsis mutant that grows photoautotrophically under salt stress shows enhanced active oxygen detoxification. The Plant Cell, 11; 1195-1206.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 303
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 256