|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||107,997,724|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||84,432,312|
A Critical Review of Philosophy of Economics: An Islamic Approach
|Journal of Contemporary Islamic Studies|
|دوره 5، شماره 1، فروردین 2023، صفحه 1-10 اصل مقاله (457.65 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Scholary|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22059/jcis.2023.270272.1140|
|Mohammad Rasool Ahangaran* 1؛ Mohammad Amin Maleki2|
|1Department of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law, Faculty of Theology, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran|
|2Department of Islamic Law, Faculty of Judicial Law, University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services, Tehran, Iran|
|As the outcome of human endeavors, the human knowledge is not free from mistake and error. The more the human moves in the path of science, the more the unavoidable events might happen, events that lead to mistakes with numerous grave consequences. As humanities are concentrated on the human, they are more prone to mistakes. The reason is that the topic of these sciences has the highest complexity. Just like other disciplines of humanities, economics is not free from mistakes. As a comprehensive plan for the guidance of the human in various aspects and backgrounds, the sacred religion of Islam expresses facts from various perspectives the consideration of which would be useful for the worldly and otherworldly lives of the human. One of the advantages that Islam offers is the expression of precious points that, if noted by economists, can be thought provoking and helpful for them and can be useful in decreasing the mistakes in studies related to economics. The study at hand focused on some critical thoughts about the philosophy of economics based on Islamic viewpoints. It was carried out via a descriptive-analytical method using library research data to explicate the criticisms against the philosophy of economics expressed from the religious outlook.|
|economic man؛ maximization؛ utility؛ profit؛ market؛ jurisprudence|
|عنوان مقاله [English]|
|تأملاتی انتقادی بر پایه دین به فلسفه اقتصاد|
|محمد رسول آهنگران1؛ محمد امین ملکی2|
|1گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی دانشکده الهیات دانشکدگان فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران|
|2گروه حقوق اسلامی دانشکده حقوق قضائی دانشگاه علوم قضائی و خدمات اداری، تهران، ایران|
|Science is a flawed human endeavor; hence there is the likelihood of error in all scientific theories. Theories once regarded as obvious turned out to be false upon further investigation. Although it is prevalent in all scientific disciplines, it is more prominent in the humanities due to the complexity of human beings. Economics is replete with error potentialities in view of the complexity of human economic behavior, leading to so many errors. The myriad of different schools of thoughts and theories attest to the fact that truth in economics is elusive. Each school supports its own views and discredits the views in other schools, and it is occurring while truth cannot vary. Islam seems to severely criticize economics, targeting the basics of this science. If the basics of a science are incorrectly established, all its theories and achievements will be incorrect as well. Adopting an Islamic approach, the present article aims to critically examine the three sides of the basic assumptions, methodology, and goal of economics. Initially, are the basic assumptions which economics is based upon correct? What methodology does it employ to achieve its goals? Finally, do the goals which economics peruse promote well-being? In sum, could this science fulfill humankind’s expectations for economic prosperity|
|economic man, maximization, utility, profit, market|
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